Wednesday, October 21, 2015

Nikon Digital Camera - PLC - Raspberry Pi 2




This PLC application about how to use Nikon Digital Camera for connecting to PLC with using Raspberry Pi 2. this application for photographing, example:
Automatically take picture when:
  1. products that are not good (NG) or reject
  2. at a certain time, the worker does not exist in the machine
  3. emergency stop in the machine, and etc.
In Nikon Digital Camera using USB Picture Transfer Protocol (PTP protocols) or another digital camera that is PTP Protocols support.
In Raspberry Pi using Raspberry pi 2 with Raspbian Wheezy OS and use python 2.7
In PLC using Siemens S7-200 with Modbus Support or another PLC with Modbus Support.

Video Demonstration for Automatic Capture Image using Nikon Digital Camera - PLC - Raspberry Pi 2




Hardware needed for Digital Camera Application

  1. Digital Camera with PTP Support, I use Nikon COOLPIX S2800 Compact Digital Camera
  2. Raspberry Pi 2
  3. PLC that is Modbus Support, I use Siemens PLC S7-200
  4. Male RS232 - TTL Module
  5. RS232 PLC Cable
  6. Power Supply for Raspberry Pi
  7. 2 pieces Push Button Switch for test

Hardware for Digital Camera Application


Hardware Connection for Digital Camera Application


Hardware Connection for Digital Camera Application


Software needed for Digital Camera Application

  1. Raspbian Wheezy OS : https://www.raspberrypi.org/downloads/raspbian/
  2. gphoto2 reference : http://gphoto.sourceforge.net/doc/manual/ref-gphoto2-cli.html
  3. Project file for Raspberry Pi Setup, click here


Raspberry Pi Setup for Digital Camera Application

A. Serial Modbus Setup on Raspberry Pi 2

STEP 1:

In LXTerminal:

sudo cp /boot/cmdline.txt /boot/cmdline.bak
sudo cp /etc/inittab /etc/inittab.bak

sudo nano /boot/cmdline.txt

Remove "console=ttyAMA0,115200"

Ctrl+X to exit, Y to save followed by enter twice

Serial Modbus Setup on Raspberry Pi 2

sudo nano /etc/inittab

Put a '#' before "T0:23:respawn:/sbin/getty -L ttyAMA0 115200 vt100

Ctrl+X to exit, Y to save followed by enter twice

STEP 2:

Copy Paste All Project file to folder /home/pi on Raspberry Pi 2

Project File for Nikon Digital Camera - PLC - Raspberry Pi 2

STEP 3:

In LXTerminal

cd /home/pi
cd pyserial-2.7
sudo python setup.py install

STEP 4:

In LXTerminal

cd /home/pi
cd MinimalModbus-0.6
sudo python setup.py install

B. gphoto2 Setup on Raspberry Pi 2

STEP 1:

Raspberry Pi Connected to Internet via Ethernet/LAN
Install via Internet Access:
Open LX-Terminal and type:

cd ~
sudo apt-get install libltdl-dev libusb-dev libusb-1.0 libexif-dev libpopt-dev

Optional: Raspberry Pi Disconnected from Internet

STEP 2:

Camera do not Connected to Raspberry Pi
Already Project file to folder /home/pi on Raspberry Pi 2

Project File for Nikon Digital Camera - PLC - Raspberry Pi 2

STEP 3: libgphoto2-2.5.8 setup

in LX-Terminal and type:

cd ~
cd libgphoto2-2.5.8
sudo chmod 777 * -R
./configure
sudo make install

STEP 4: gphoto2-2.5.8 setup

in LX-Terminal and type:

cd ~
cd gphoto2-2.5.8
sudo chmod 777 * -R
./configure
sudo make install

STEP 5: Check the installed gphoto2 is Success

in LX Terminal type:

cd ~
gphoto2 --version

If Error:
gphoto2: error while loading shared libraries: libgphoto2.so.6: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

in LX Terminal type:

sudo ln -s /usr/local/lib/libgphoto2.so.6 /usr/lib/libgphoto2.so.6

If Error:
gphoto2: error while loading shared libraries: libgphoto2_port.so.12: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

in LX Terminal type:

sudo ln -s /usr/local/lib/libgphoto2_port.so.12 /usr/lib/libgphoto2_port.so.12

STEP 6: Camera Check

Camera Connected to Raspberry Pi via USB
in LX Terminal type:

cd ~
gphoto2 --auto-detect
gphoto2 --summary

gphoto2 auto detect summary of COOLPIX S2800

If Error:
Camera already ..
From Remove Camera such as Storage Mass

sudo killall gvfs-gphoto2-volume-monitor
sudo chmod -x /usr/lib/gvfs/gvfs-gphoto2-volume-monitor

C. Auto Startup Python Script on Raspberry Pi 2

STEP 1:

in LX Terminal type:

cd ~
sudo nano auto-startup.sh

in editor, type in this script:

#!/bin/sh
cd /
cd home/pi
sudo python take-photo-plc.py
cd /

Auto Startup Python Script on Raspberry Pi 2

and then:
CTRL+X ,  press Y, enter

STEP 2:

in LX Terminal type:

cd ~
sudo chmod 755 auto-startup.sh

STEP 3:

Script Test, in LX Terminal type:

sudo sh auto-startup.sh

CTRL+C for  Stop

STEP 4:

in LX Terminal type:

sudo crontab -e

In editor, go to bottom and type:

@reboot sh /home/pi/auto-startup.sh >/home/pi/startuplog 2>&1

Cron Job on Raspberry Pi 2

CTRL+X ,  press Y, enter

STEP 5:

Auto Start the Desktop (LXDE)
  1. in LX Terminal type: sudo raspi-config
  2. 2.Select Enable Boot to Desktop/Scratch from the menu and press Enter
  3. 3.Select Desktop Login as user pi at the Graphical Desktop.
  4. 4.Select <Finish> and Enter, then select <Yes> to reboot.


PLC Programming for Automatic Capture Image

  1. Project file for Siemens PLC S7-200, click here
  2. Download PLC Ladder Programming to PLC using PLC Software

PLC Ladder Programming for Automatic Capture Image


Python Code for Automatic Capture Image

import serial
import minimalmodbus
from datetime import datetime
import os
from subprocess import PIPE, Popen
import threading
import time

seconds_error = 40.0 #TimeOut Camera Processing

def cmdline(command):
    process = Popen(
        args=command,
        stdout=PIPE,
        shell=True
    )
    return process.communicate()[0]

def error_reboot():
    status=[]
    status.append(0)#commend reset    
    status.append(255)#255 error
    plc_instrument.write_registers(1,status)
    plc_instrument.write_registers(1,status)
    print "Error Reboot"
    os.system("sudo reboot")

    
data = cmdline("gphoto2 --auto-detect")
#print data
check=data.find("PTP")
if check==-1:
    print "Camera No Detect"
    os.system("sudo reboot")
else:
    print "Camera OK"


    
#ModBus Setting , Address Slave = 1       
plc_instrument = minimalmodbus.Instrument('/dev/ttyAMA0',1)
plc_instrument.serial.baudrate = 9600
plc_instrument.serial.bytesize = 8
plc_instrument.serial.parity = serial.PARITY_EVEN
plc_instrument.serial.stopbits = 1
plc_instrument.serial.timeout = 0.2
plc_instrument.mode = minimalmodbus.MODE_RTU


       
while True:
    try:
        t=datetime.now()
        plc_instrument.write_register(0,t.second)
        command = plc_instrument.read_register(1)            
        if command==1:
            #print "Capture Image"
            plc_instrument.write_register(2,1) #1=process
            error_check=threading.Timer(seconds_error,error_reboot)
            error_check.start()
            data = cmdline("gphoto2 --capture-image")
            error_check.cancel()
            print data    
            status=[]
            status.append(0)
            rec=data.find("New file")
            if rec==-1:
                #254 error
                status.append(254)
            else:
                #2 ok
                status.append(2)
            plc_instrument.write_registers(1,status)
            
        if command==2:
            #print "Camera Closed"
            plc_instrument.write_registers(1,[0]*2)            
            os.system("sudo reboot")
    except Exception, e:
        pass


Labels:


Newer Post Older Post Home

You may also like these ebook:

Get Free PLC eBook directly sent to your email,
and email subscription to program-plc.blogspot.com




We hate SPAM. Your information is never sold or shared with anyone.

Your Email Will Be 100% Secured !